Airline unions urge carriers not to resume buybacks when bailout ban ends this fall

A United Airlines flight crew walks through the terminal at San Francisco International Airport on April 12, 2020 in San Francisco, California.

Justin Sullivan | Getty Images

The largest U.S. airlines are making money again. Labor unions don’t want them to spend it on stock buybacks.

A condition of the $54 billion in federal aid that airlines received to pay workers during the pandemic prohibited carriers from share buybacks. That ban is in effect through Sept. 30.

But in a campaign and public petition that launched Thursday, some of the largest airline labor unions that represent more than 170,000 pilots, flight attendants, customer service agents and other industry staff, are urging carriers to fix their operations and invest in workers before spending on buying back their own stock.

The four biggest U.S. carriers — Delta, United, American and Southwest —spent about $40 billion buying back their companies’ stock between 2015 through early 2020, according to S&P Global.

Many of the workers represented by the union advocating against a resumption of buybacks are in contract negotiations with their carriers. In addition to higher pay, unions are pushing airlines for more predictable schedules after last-minute airline travel chaos roiled plans for customers and staff alike.

Labor unions pushed lawmakers for the aid package early in the pandemic in 2020, after initial opposition in Congress, some of which was rooted in airlines’ share buybacks before the pandemic. “No blank check industry bailouts,” said Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., at the time.

“We can’t allow executives to send one dime to Wall Street before they fix operational issues and conclude contract negotiations that will ensure pay and benefits keep and attract people to aviation jobs,” Sara Nelson, international president of the Association of Flight Attendants, which represents some 50,000 cabin crew members, said in a release announcing the anti-buyback campaign on Thursday.

Despite a surge in bookings, a jump in costs including fuel and labor have taken a bite out of U.S. carriers’ bottom lines and their stock prices are trailing the broader market.

The NYSE Arca Airline Index, which mostly tracks carriers in North America, is down about 21% so far this year, around twice as much as the S&P 500.

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