In 2018, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi attacked the holy city of Lord Krishna, Mathura, on the banks of the Jumna River. He loved the construction of the magnificent temple of Mathura. He thought that such a building could not be built in two hundred years. No one can even estimate the value of this treasure. However, historians have exaggerated these treasures. After this magnificent temple, Mahmood Ghaznavi captured many other temples and sacred places of Mathura, looted their treasures and set them on fire. Then came Qanooj. Mahmood Ghaznavi reached the banks of the Ganges with his army. The king of Qanuj left his seven forts and ten thousand temples and fled. From Qanauj, Mahmud Ghaznavi found a treasure worth twenty million rupees, fifty-three thousand slaves and three hundred and fifty elephants. After that, it was the turn of Chandel Rajputs of Madhya Pradesh. With each step, Mahmud Ghaznavi was victorious and took possession of immense wealth.
In 1025, Sultan Mahmod of Ghazni invaded Somnath, a famous Hindu holy place. This temple was very famous for pilgrimage. To reach there, one had to cross a quarter of the deserted area of Rajasthan from Multan to Jaisalmer and reach Gujarat, which was very difficult. Mahmood Ghaznavi secretly crossed the desert and surprised the enemy. The fort of Somnath was guarded by innumerable guards of the fort as well as by innumerable Brahmins and devout Hindus. Mahmood Ghaznavi’s soldiers climbed the walls with ropes and ladders and entered the fort. There was a great battle. More than fifty thousand Hindus killed in this battle. From this place gold and silver worth twenty million dirhams came into the possession of Mahmood Ghaznavi. When Mahmood Ghaznavi turned to Somnath to break the big idol, the priests begged that if it was not broken, the Sultan would be given more gold in return. Mahmoood Ghaznavi replied, “I am an idol-breaker, not an idol-seller.”
Saying this, Mahmud Ghaznavi broke the idol and took out all the gold from it. This idol was torn to pieces. Mahmud Ghaznavi sent some pieces of the idol to the Jamia Masjid in Ghazni for display. Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi last advanced towards western Sindh but died in 1030. His tomb is located in Ghazni, Afghanistan. Mahmud Ghaznavi could not conquer the forts of Gwalior and the Colleges.
Mahmood Ghaznavi continued to strive for his noble cause. Historians acknowledge its greatness. Al-Bruni and Ferdowsi praise him in their writings. Mahmood Ghaznavi really made Ghazni a great historical Islamic center. He was not greedy for the expansion of the empire. Hindu historians remember Mahmood Ghaznavi in their history as a tyrant. Mahmood Ghaznavi won many battles but he only retained his occupation on the Punjab. During the reign of Mahmud Ghaznavi, the work of preaching Islam spread in India.
Research and Writing: Muhammad Sajjad Munir
(The famous Islamic conqueror Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi who is remembered as an idol breaker. A brief history of them is given in three parts. This is 3rd and last part of the series. Thanks for reading )
Refrences: India A History, Majmoo-o-Wazaef Fikri, Musalman Fateheen by Dr. Nazir Ahmad Paracha