Modern scientific research has given us access to a wealth of information about many of the trees, vegetables, and fruits that can rightly be called “miracle plants.” One of the plants that has gained importance as a result of modern scientific research is “Moringa” which is also commonly known as Sohanjana.
Sohanjana is a plant that can rightly be called a plant with nutritional, medical and industrial benefits and importance. There are many varieties of this plant, but the “Moringa olifera” is a species whose nutritional value is recognized for both humans and animals.
Recent and past scientific research and experiments on Moringa have shown that its leaves contain twice as much protein and four times more calcium than milk, four times more vitamin A than carrots, seven times more vitamin C than sour fruits, three times more Potassium than bananas and contains twice as much protein than yogurt.
Not only the leaves, but every part of this miraculous plant is rich in important nutritional and medicinal ingredients including vitamins, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc which can important to help control many diseases.
In addition to modern medicine, the use of various parts of Sohanjana as medicine has also been proven by ancient physicians. The special thing about Sohanjana is that every part, seed, leaf, root, etc. of this plant is usable.
Sohanjana is a fast growing plant and its natural habitat is northern India and southern Pakistan. In Pakistan, Sindh and South Punjab region has its own identity for many years.
In terms of growth, it inhabits semi-mountainous areas, canals, sandy and gravel lands.
The bark of the plant is brown, soft, thick and cracked. The leaves and flowers come in February and March and the beans mature in the period from April to June.
All parts of Sohanjana can undoubtedly be used as food. The fruit of the plant is in the form of beans which are cooked and used as a vegetable salad and stored for long term use in the form of pickles.
In the same way, its flowers and newborn buds are also used for cooking, but cooking them for a long time reduces their nutritional value.
In addition, the most widely used young plants of Sohanjana are the roots which are called “Sohanjana’s radishes”. They are also used for cooking and making pickles and the pickles made from it are delicious as well as full of healthy ingredients.
Its semi-ripe seeds can also be eaten by frying them on the stove and their taste is similar to peanuts or cashews.
According to research, the most nutritional value of Sohanjana is in its fresh leaves and flowers and its leaves are most used in the world in the form of dry powder.
After drying the leaves in the shade, they are ground and stored in sealed jars, and according to doctors, the use of this powder in children and adults not only enhances immunity but also increases intelligence.
The juice of the leaves is also used as a disinfectant solution and the best results are obtained by mixing the crushed leaves in the soil to increase the fertility of the soil.
Moringa is used as the best food for humans as well as animals. Adding a portion of Sohanjana leaves along with other green fodder not only enhances immunity against animal diseases but also increases milk and meat production of dairy animals.
Adding its dried leaves to the diet of chickens successfully fulfills the need for protein.
As well as improving general health, it greatly reduces the need for Wanda. Sohanjana leaves and seeds also contain ingredients that can play an important role in controlling herbs and insects in crops.
This tree grows fast and starts giving seeds after one year which gives a good quality oil which has transparent properties instead of darkening. However, to achieve this, extensive cultivation of Sohanjana is required. According to nutritionists, this oil is not only edible but also has the same nutritional value as olive oil. Other uses include making make-up and lubricating expensive watch parts.
Its seeds contain 30 to 40% oil and can be easily extracted in Kohlu. Moringa oil is the most expensive oil in the world, so the best foreign exchange can be earned by cultivating Moringa over a large area.
The rest of the seeds and fungus can be used as an oil seed cake in chicken feed and fodder.
A two-year-old Moringa tree produces about three to four kilograms of seeds, while one kilogram of seed yields a pound of oil.
Because Moringa oil is transparent, it requires less and easier processing than other oils. The most important feature of Moringa oil is that it can be used for a long time.
This charismatic tree is also extremely farmer friendly as it does not reduce the fertility of the soil and due to its deep roots it does not reduce the amount of soil components but increases the fertility of the soil due to its falling leaves. Farmers can also make it an important source of additional income by planting it on their fields.
Because it is a farmer-friendly plant, planting in fields, pastures, canals, roads and corridors can also be used to achieve the positive climate change caused by the growth of trees in the environment.
Moringa can be tolerated again and again like stalks or alfalfa if it is to be cultivated as a crop to obtain leaves. For this purpose, planting like corn at a distance of two feet will be very successful.
For roots or radishes, plant good and standard Sohanjana seeds at least three feet apart in rows after preparing the soil so that good quality radishes can be obtained.
Irrigation and fertilizer should be used according to the fertility of the land.
Sohanjana is very easy to cultivate and is cultivated in three ways including direct cultivation in the ground, cultivation in plastic bags (polythene tubes) and cultivation by cuttings.
For direct sowing, the seed is pressed up to two inches into the ground and a distance of nine to fifteen feet is considered the best.
If it is not to be planted directly in the field, then the sapling is first prepared in plastic bags and the plants are transferred to the field about a month after emergence. The best time to move is in the afternoon. Make deep pits of 15 x 15 in the field and carefully take the plant out of the bag so that the root is not damaged and after standing in the pit and filling it with equal quantity of sand, soil and dung etc., apply water carefully.
The third method, which is cultivated by cutting, is to select a healthy one-year-old healthy plant with a stem thickness equal to one pencil and to produce pens with branches three to four feet long. In this regard, it is important to remember that green branches are not used for cuttings at all. Place the cuttings at a distance of fifteen feet in the soft-filled ground so that one third of the cutting is in the ground.
Sohanjana only needs fertile soil for growth and development, but the use of 300 grams of nitrogen per plant gives the best results for faster and better growth.
Maintain a plant height of between six and eight feet, as over-growing will cause the plant to become thinner and weaker, and its ability to withstand wind blows will diminish.
This charismatic plant has a natural immunity against insects, but it is good to use the recommended poison to prevent termites from attacking the roots.
Farmers need to cultivate this charismatic plant as much as possible to benefit from it. In addition to personal income and economic improvement, a good increase in foreign exchange is possible in the national economy.