Mehmed the Conqueror: New Era, New Empire of the Ottomans

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Exactly 540 years have passed since the death of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, but his works and monuments can still be observed today. Centuries later, it still occupies discussions as if it were alive, as with the Hagia Sophia, which a Turkish court decided to illegally turn it into a museum when Will, and here is Sultan Mehmed IIAnd the Violated.

Mehmed II, the Ottoman Emperor whose achievement in conquering Istanbul earned him the nickname “Fatih” when he was only 21 years old, sent the Byzantine Empire into the dusty pages of history, elevating the Turkish state to an empire that would. He dominated multiple regions across three continents for centuries to come.

Like so many other historical notables who have been revered throughout history, an interesting story lies at the heart of the Guardian’s success.

Tired of political grievances and fatigue after the death of his eldest son, Muhammad Murad II’s father abdicated the throne in 1444 and urged Mehmed II to be the new leader of the empire at the age of 12.

However, the reign of Mehmed I ended after only two years, as Murad II returned to the throne after tension and turmoil in the occupied territories, especially in the European region, and the threat of the Crusaders pushed the people to desire more experienced leadership. .

After leaving the throne to his father, Mehmed II returned to Manisa in the Aegean region, where he married and continued to develop his mind. The young king also gained a military vision by joining his father in the Battle of Kosovo in 1448.

When his father died in 1451, Mehmed II ascended to the throne again, but this time with many lessons learned and a degree of experience under his belt.

His eyes were on the conquest of Constantinople – then the Byzantine capital. Immediately launch preparations for the upcoming battle.

The Sultan assembled a large army, some say of more than 200,000 soldiers, and appeared before the mighty city walls with complete confidence.

He surrounded the city by sea and land and then made an unexpected move: towing warships by land around the city’s Galata district – then a small Genoese commercial colony – on the European side of modern Istanbul.

The military campaign lasted more than 50 days, led by massive cannon attacks, which he helped invent and master, and bombarded walls to open a hole through which soldiers could penetrate the city.

On May 29, Medina finally fell, and Mehmed II received the title “the Conqueror” that he deserved.

In subsequent years, it also secured Ottoman control over Serbia, Moria, Trabzon (Trabzon in the northern region of modern Turkey), Bosnia, Albania and a number of Anatolian territories (central Turkey), increasing Ottoman control to more than 2.2 million square kilometers (1.4 ). Million square miles) of land.

The victory of the Swan Song came to Mehmed II in 1480, when he triumphed in Otranto, Italy, and was later planning to approach Rome. However, fate had other plans and the Conqueror died on May 3, 1481.

While the great Ottoman Emperor is often remembered for the impressive military conquests of his reign, he was too A true thinker.

Muhammad is believed to have spoken Persian, Arabic, Ancient Greek and Italian – which many consider to be a sign of his desire to form an empire stretching across both the West and the East.

Turkish historians say his library included books on subjects such as geometry, religion, geometry, astronomy, mathematics, archeology, geography, and philosophy.

Al-Fatih was also known as a poet Great interest in the artsAfter the Renaissance painter had commissioned Bellini to make his portrait.

Homer was among the books in his library, and it is believed that Ptolemy’s ancient world map was one of the jewels of his collection.

In a short life that lasted only 49 years, the conqueror was able to leave an indelible mark in history and his legacy still lives today.

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