The first village in Anatolia, Aşıklı Höyük, to reveal a brain surgery


Aşıklı Höyük – the first known village in Central Anatolia where fishermen, gatherers and nomads settled – sheds light on Aksaray Central County Dusty History Pages. Located beside the Melendez Stream in the Cappadocia region, the settlement hill reveals the first examples of many social and scientific activities, from brain surgery to mining.

Aşıklı Höyük is a prehistoric village of great importance. The village was hosting a large community that started agricultural activities after settling. The settlement maintains clear evidence of the beginnings of domestication of wheat and sheep. In terms of architectural history, the oldest examples of traditional contiguous mud brick structures in Anatolia are found in Aşıklı Höyük. The first mining products can be seen here. Moreover, the first in the history of medicine was achieved here, and the world’s first brain surgery was performed for a young woman.

The settlement is keen to attract tourists by offering them a visit throughout its history, which dates back to thousands of years after the epidemic. At the historic site, replicas of various styles of adobe houses await visitors from Aşıklı Höyük. With these “experimental houses”, visitors get a chance to understand how people lived thousands of years ago and the types of architectural styles used during the construction of these residences.

The first comprehensive study was launched by Ian Todt in Aşıklı Höyük a year after the settlement was found in Hittititist Edmund Gordon in 1963. Excavations were carried out by the Prehistoric Department of Istanbul University in 1989. A number of crucial discoveries have been made in the area since Then the excavations began. Thanks to the excavations, the step-by-step process of transition from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles can be observed in the region today.

Objects discovered during these excavations and many other items are on display in Aksaray Museum. The museum’s Aşıklı Höyük Hall features mortars and stone pestles; Tools such as blades, knives and mirrors made of obsidian; Pendants are made of stone and bone. Fishing rods and buckles. The skull of a young woman who underwent his first brain surgery near the hill is the most interesting piece in the museum.

Speaking to Ihlas News Agency (IHA), Aksaray Governor Hamzah Aydogdu said that Aşıklı Höyük has many important features. Noting that the site is the place of many of the first in world history, Aydoğdu added that visitors can see traces of agricultural, medical and architectural developments of the Aşıklı Höyük people by visiting the site and the Aksaray Museum.

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